Ansel Adams Photography Legacy
Ansel Adams was an American photographer and environmentalist known for his stunning black and white landscapes of the American West. He co-founded Group f/64 with Willard Van Dyke which included peers Edward Weston, Imogen Cunningham, John Paul Edwards, Sonya Noskowiak and Henry Swift. The group's general purpose was to promote "pure" photography with sharp focus and full tonal range. He was a master of the Zone System, a technique for determining optimal film exposure and development, and his iconic images helped to establish photography as a fine art form.
Adams was also a vocal advocate for the protection of wilderness areas and played a key role in the creation of Kings Canyon National Park. Adams received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1980 for his advocacy in expanding the National Park system. He also played a key role in establishing photography as an art form, advising the MoMA's photography department, co-founding Aperture magazine, and the Center for Creative Photography at the University of Arizona.
- Early Life & Eduction
- Photography Career
- The Ansel Adams Gallery
- What Are Ansel Adams' Most Famous Photos?
- What is Ansel Adams Most Expensive Photo?
- Environmental Activism & The Sierra Club
- Later Life & Legacy
- What is The Zone System?
- How Ansel Adams Changed Photography
Early Life & Education
Ansel Adams was born in San Francisco, California in 1902. He grew up in a family that valued art and culture, and he developed an early interest in music and piano. As a child, he often accompanied his family on trips to the nearby Sierra Nevada mountains, where he first fell in love with the natural beauty of the American West.
Adams began his musical education at an early age and showed a natural talent for piano. However, despite his love for music, photography would eventually become his true passion. Adams' first exposure to photography came in 1916, at the age of 14, when a family friend gave him a Kodak Box Brownie camera. He quickly became fascinated with the medium and began to experiment with taking pictures of the landscapes around him. This early experience with photography sparked a lifelong passion, and he would go on to become one of the most celebrated photographers of the 20th century.
Ansel Adams' career as a photographer began in the 1920s, when he started working as a commercial photographer. During this time, he honed his technical skills and gained experience in a wide range of photographic disciplines, including landscape, portrait, architectural and industrial photography.
In the 1930s, Adams developed the Zone System, a technique for determining optimal film exposure and development. This system became a defining aspect of his photographic style and helped him to achieve the incredible tonal range and detail in his black-and-white prints.
Adams is most famous for his photographs of the American West, particularly his images of Yosemite Valley, which he first visited in 1916. He made many trips to Yosemite throughout his life and the park became one of his most frequent subjects. He also captured other notable series like "Manzanar War Relocation Center" which was a series of photographs that document the internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II.
Throughout his career, Adams received numerous awards and accolades for his work, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom, which he received in 1980, as well as numerous exhibitions and retrospectives of his work. His contributions to photography were widely recognized and he played a key role in establishing photography as a fine art form.
The Ansel Adams Gallery
The gallery originally was a tiny studio in Yosemite Valley that was operated by the Best family, Adams' in-laws, and was named Best's Studio. Ansel Adams spent a significant amount of time there as a teenager, where he met his future wife, Virginia Best. Virginia Best Adams inherited Best's Studio upon her father's death in 1936 and ran the gallery for more than 30 years before transferring the business over to their son.
Since renamed, The Ansel Adams Gallery, today it continues to showcase a wide range of photographs by Ansel Adams and other accomplished photographers including William Neill and Michael Frye. The gallery remains a popular destination for photography enthusiasts, as well as a historical site honoring the legacy of one of America's most important photographers.
What Are Ansel Adams' Most Famous Photos?
- "Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico" (1941)
This iconic photograph captures the moment of moonrise over a small New Mexico town, with a graveyard in the foreground and the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in the background. The photograph is known for its striking composition and the way it evokes a sense of mystery and solitude. Adams' signature burning & dodging techniques can be found in this image as he was known to have created many different variations of prints over the years. The most famous renditions bare little resemblance to the original negative.
- "Clearing Winter Storm, Yosemite Valley" (1944)
This photograph depicts the Yosemite Valley after a winter storm, with the clouds clearing to reveal the majestic granite cliffs and peaks of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. The photograph is known for its dynamic range and the way it captures the movement and energy of the storm.
- "Aspens, Northern New Mexico" (1958)
This photograph captures a grove of aspen trees in the fall, with the bright leaves against a shadowed forest. The photograph is known for its simplicity and the way it evokes a sense of serenity and harmony.
- "Monolith, The Face of Half Dome" (1927)
This photograph depicts the granite monolith of Half Dome in Yosemite Valley, with a dark sky above created by a dark red filter and the cliffside in the foreground. The photograph is known for its bold composition and the way it evokes a sense of awe and grandeur.
- "Winter Sunrise, Sierra Nevada" (1944)
This photograph captures the Sierra Nevada Mountains at sunrise, with a patch of light on the meadow in the foreground with snowy peaks in the background. The photograph is known for its serene beauty and the way it evokes a sense of wonder and tranquility.
- "Mount Williamson, Sierra Nevada" (1944)
This photograph depicts Mount Williamson in the Sierra Nevada Mountains, with a stormy sky above and a rugged landscape in the foreground. The photograph is known for its striking contrast and the way it evokes a sense of power and majesty.
- "The Tetons and the Snake River" (1942)
This photograph captures the Teton mountain range and the Snake River in Wyoming, with a dramatic sky above and a lush valley in the foreground. The photograph is known for its S-curve composition and the way it evokes a sense of wildness and freedom.
- "Mount McKinley and Wonder Lake" (1947)
This photograph captures Mount McKinley, the highest peak in North America, and Wonder Lake in Alaska, with the peak looming high above the lake. The photograph is known for its striking contrast and the way it evokes a sense of wildness and adventure.
What is Ansel Adams Most Expensive Photo?
"The Grand Tetons and the Snake River, Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming" was sold for $988,000 on December 14th, 2020 at Sotheby's auction house. The provenance of the print originated from the collection of Virginia Best Adams and inherited by Michael & Jeanne Adams (son & daughter-in-law).
Environmental Activism & The Sierra Club
Ansel Adams was not only a celebrated photographer, but also an environmental activist. He was deeply committed to protecting the natural world and his photographs often served as powerful visual arguments for conservation. He was a member of the Sierra Club, one of the oldest and most influential environmental organizations in the United States, and served on the board of directors for 37 years.
Adams used his photographs to advocate for wilderness preservation and national park creation. He believed that the protection of wild places was essential to the preservation of the American heritage and culture. He helped to raise awareness about the importance of protecting natural resources, and his photographs were used in the campaigns that led to the creation of several national parks, including Kings Canyon. The Minarets Wilderness was expanded and renamed as the Ansel Adams Wilderness after his death.
Adams's influence on environmental policy and conservation efforts was significant. He was a vocal advocate for the preservation of wilderness areas and national parks and helped to raise awareness about the environmental issues of the day. His photographs were used to educate the public about the importance of preserving natural resources, and his advocacy helped to shape the environmental movement in the United States. He helped to increase The Sierra Club's organization's influence and visibility through his photography.
His photographs not only capture the beauty of nature but also served as a reminder of the importance of protecting it. His advocacy and activism helped to ensure that future generations would have the opportunity to experience and enjoy the natural wonders of the American West.
Later Life & Legacy
Throughout his later life, Ansel Adams continued to be active in the field of photography, both as an artist and as a teacher. He continued to work on his own photographic projects, but also took the time to share his knowledge and experience with others through teaching workshops and writing books. He also continued to work for the Sierra Club, and used his photographs to advocate for the protection of wilderness areas and national parks.
Adams died in 1984, but his legacy lives on. His photographs continue to be widely admired and continue to inspire photographers and art lovers around the world. His images have become iconic, and his pioneering work in the field of photography and environmentalism has had a lasting impact.
His influence on the world of photography is undeniable, and his legacy continues to shape the way we see and think about the world. He was one of the first photographers to bring the medium of photography to the level of fine art, and his use of the Zone System, which he developed with Fred Archer, is still widely used today as a tool for fine-tuning the tonal range in photography.
His environmental activism has also been influential and helped to raise awareness about the importance of preserving natural resources and creating national parks. He has left behind a legacy of beautiful and thought-provoking photographs that continue to inspire people to appreciate the natural world and to work to protect it for future generations.
What is The Zone System?
The Zone System was Ansel Adams' method of determining the correct exposure and development of a photograph by dividing the tonal range of a scene into 11 zones, from black (Zone 0) to white (Zone X). The system is based on the idea that each zone represents a specific range of tonal values, with Zone V representing middle gray, and the other zones representing increasingly lighter or darker tones. The photographer can then use this information to make decisions about exposure and development, with the goal of capturing the full range of tones in a scene, from the darkest shadows to the brightest highlights.
To use the Zone System, the photographer first evaluates the scene and determines the placement of the different tonal values within the zones. This is typically done by using a spot meter, which measures the brightness of a small area of the scene. Once the tonal values have been determined, the photographer can make decisions about exposure and development to ensure that the final print accurately represents the tonal values of the scene.
The Zone System became a defining aspect of Adams' photographic style and helped him to achieve the incredible tonal range and detail in his black-and-white prints. He was known for his ability to capture the subtlest nuances of light and shadow, and the Zone System was an important tool in achieving this level of precision. The system is still used today by photographers who are looking to achieve a high level of control over their images, particularly when working in black and white.
How Ansel Adams Changed Photography
Ansel Adams was a revolutionary photographer in his era. Photographers generally were not focused on landscape photography as an art form until Adams and his contemporary, Eliot Porter, paved the way for future generations. While other renowned photographers at the time also dabbled in the genre, it was Ansel Adams who carried the torch and made the art what it is today. As photography is so commonplace today with social media, it's hard to imagine a single photographer like Ansel Adams coming along having the same amount of influence over the art form. He was the right person at the right time. I owe a debt of gratitude for Mr. Adams' contributions. I probably would not be a photographer today had he not influenced the generation of photographers that in-turn influenced me. While I wouldn't consider myself a huge fan of Mr. Adams' photography I have a lot of respect for what he did to advance the art form. If you were to ask a non-photographer to name a nature or landscape photographer, Ansel Adams is the name that you'll likely hear.
Ansel Adams black & white photography techniques is something that I employ on my own black & white landscape photography. Unlike color photography, black & white is solely focused on tonal contrast and not bound by expectations around what "reality" looks like. I do not add or subtract major elements to my landscapes but I do employ burning and dodging techniques just like Ansel Adams did 80 years ago. I find this type of photography to be very satisfying from a creative standpoint.